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Alan Machin: Tourism As Education
Home page: blogs, introductions, links to main pages
Berlin: Editing a Townscape
... and reading a city that has had many rebuilders
Making Sense of The Travel Learning Experience- 1
1 Information Streams
Making Sense of the Travel Learning Experience - 2
Some basic theories
Back to Basics: Presentation given at the Cuba EduTourism Conference
The CETA Conference in Havana, Cuba, 8/9 November 2010
About the author
Comments - CV - photos
At the heart of the tourist experience
Learning through Landscapes
Exploring Oxfordshire (and a bit of Gloucestershire!)
The Environment As Data: Building New Theories For Tourism
How tourists relate to places
Sail Gives Way to Steam
A return visit discovers just how much has been achieved in this iconic restoration
Richard III and the Battle of Bosworth Reenactment
Visits to Leicester and the battlefield event, 2013
Along The Way
Recollections and Reflections of 60+ Years' Learning about the World and its Ways
On the Edge of the New World
Shaping New England
Exploring Holderness in East Yorkshire; October 2012
Past Historic
Graf Zepplin, Spain 1968, OS History, Much Wenlock Olympics, Chatham Dockyard, Hawes Tourism, Colonial Williamsburg,
A Summer of Travelling / Matthew Starr
Three months' backpacking in Africa, Asia and Australia
East Anglia
The Broads, Pensthorpe natural history, Radar Museum, Caister Lifeboat Service and more!
A Richer Earth
Discoveries in the landscape and attractions of Shropshire
Blog Index Page
Blog pages from 2009 listed
From Strip Map to Sat Nav
'Finding the way' aids to exploration
Showcasing the World
How the Tourist Microcosm took centre stage
Doing A Dissertation
Notes to help students preparing their proposals
The Japanese Tsunami Destruction at First Hand
Sarah and Tom Wadsworth saw for themselves
Showcases: Examples
The range and variety of tourism's focal points examined
Jigsaw: Frameworks of Knowledge
The tourist jigsaw puzzle of - knowledge
Books and other works useful in studying tourism as education
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 2
The development of tourism as education, 1845 -
Tourism's Educational Origins: Part 1
Tourism's educational origins and management
Impressions of Tourism in Cuba
Thoughts on having seen some of the country myself
Captain James Cook: North Yorkshire Days
Tracing the early life of Britain's greatest maritime explorer
Hunting the Hound of the Baskervilles
Tracking down places that inspired the famous detective story and moulded Dartmoor's image
Exploring the Idea of Dark Tourism
What is it? Is it a useful idea?
Talking to Tourists
Visitor interpretation - guide books, visitor centres and other media
Shades of Light and Dark in the Garden of England
An exploration in East Sussex and Kent, June/July 2010
Hunting the Gladiator and the Gecko
A thirteen-year search for a wartime adventure
Steam Up For A Famous Film's Birthday Party
The Railway Children weekend on the Worth Valley line raises questions about heritage presentations
Anne-Marie Rhodes: Making a Difference in South East Asia
Leeds Met graduate of '07 describes her activities
Discoveries in Northumberland, April 2010
Alnwick Gardens; Winter's Gibbet; Holy Island, Cragside, Wallington Hall
Discoveries in the Midlands, March 2010
Bletchley Park National Codes and Cipher Centre; and the Rollright Stones
Alan Machin's Blog - April 2010
The development of tourism as education continued
Jigsaw Puzzle!
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
Leaders Into The Field
People who inspired everyone to explore
Alan Machin's blogs - February and March 2010
Postings on the history tourism as education - redirection
Alan Machin's Blog - January 2010
Tourist photography and souvenirs
Earlier front-page blog postings - January 2010 onwards
Archived after being on the Home Page
News from higher education and - beyond
The Development of Educational Tourism
Key dates in the development of educational tourism
Alan Machin's Blog - December 2009
Christmas Quiz and other postings
Analysing Heritage Tourism
Ideas and perspectives on a hugely important sector
Alan Machin's Blog - November 2009
Visitors' Views of Stonehenge, West Sussex - and other Postings
Are Universities Losing Their Way?
Reflections having retired
Teaching Tourism At Leeds Met
Remembering the Best
Alan Machin's Blog - October 2009
Thoughts about university life and discovery by travel
Alan Machin's Blog - September 2009
Further postings about a trip last month to the USA, and about higher education
Alan Machin's Blog - August 2009
Postings about a trip this month to the USA
Alan Machin's Blog - July 2009
The Story So Far reaches the summer
Alan Machin's Blog - June 2009
The Story So Far looks back on seventeen years at Leeds Met
Alan Machin's Blog - May 2009
Another month of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - April 2009
Yet more of the Story So Far
Alan Machin's blog - March 2009
More of The Story So Far
Alan Machin's Blog - February 2009
The Story So Far - pioneers, people and places
Alan Machin's Blog: January 2009
The Story So Far .... first postings of '09
Alan Machin's Blog: December 2008
The Story So Far .... latest postings
Alan Machin's Blog - November '08
The Story So Far.... continued
Alan Machin's Blog: October 2008
The Story So Far....
No Place Like Rome
The eternal city with the eternal tourists
Charleston, South Carolina
A photo essay about a fine historic city
Idealog - December 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
Idealog - November 2007
Ideas, notes and comments
The Educational Origins of Tourism
Discussion paper
Idealog - October 2007
Coton Military Cemetery; Education and Tourism; Chatham Maritime; Dickens World; Quiz Answers; Tourist Guides; Mediation In Tourism
Idealog - September 2007
Plane Paradox;Tour Guiding; Where in the World?; Do Tourism Students Know Where They Are?; Leeds Met's Wow!; Sea Harrier; Scarborough and Tourism As Education; Doing A Dissertation; Types of Tourist; A Media Lens; Cost of Travelling Alone; Risk of Bias?
Idealog - August 2007
A People Industry; Heritage Interpretation; Lud's Church; Tourists Go Home!; Stone Gappe YHA; Insight Guides; Eyewitness Guides; Bramhope Tunnel; Elizabethan Progress; Information Quality Matrix
Idealog - July 2007
Hidden Heroes, Health Tourism, Holme Fen Posts; Harrogate (again); Whitby Abbey; Dramatic Interpretation; Harrogate Interpretation, Attractions and Royal Hall
Idealog - June 2007
Christian Pilgrimage; Cincinnati Museums Centre; The Coming of the Guide Book; Talking to Tourists - Media, Stages of the Visit, The Service Journey; Tourism's Missing Link; The Final Call; SATuration level; Halifax's Edwardian Window on the World
Idealog - May 2007
Martin and Osa Johnson, Wensleydale Creamery, Malham Tarn, Thomas Cook, Northern Ireland's Tourism Rebuild, Jamestown Festival Park, Cite des Sciences
Idealog - April 2007
The Promenade Plantee, The Jardin des Plantes, Environmental Data, Victorian Beauty Spot Rediscovered, Jamestown, The Anglers' Country Park, Children's Museums, Fairburn Ings
Idealog - March 2007
A Sense of the Past- The 'Amsterdam', The Outdoor Classroom, Film-Induced Tourism, Making Tracks for the Coast and Country, Pictures, Context and Meaning, Classics-on-Sea, Hi Hi Everyone!, Dark Side of the Dream, Holodyne - The Action Cycle
Idealog - February 2007
Don't Go There!, Space Tourism, The Crystal Cathedral, New Books on Tourism, Dark Tourism - Undercliffe Cemetery, Showcase - The Louvre, A Class Act, First Impressions Count, Postal Pleasures, Canaletto in Venice, Serpent Mound, Capsule Culture etc
Idealog - January 2007
Capsule Culture,Seaside Style, Poble Espanyol, Mallorca, Edgar Dale, Children's Holiday Homes, Representations of Reality, Outdoor Education in Germany, Baedeker Guides, Geography Textbooks, Environmental Data Theory etc
Idealog - December 2006
Writers on Landscape, Story Books, The Deep, Flour Power and the Archers,Showcases: Grand Tour, Halifax Piece Hall, Books of Concern about Tourism, Tourist Traces, Tourist Typologies, The Growth of Educational Tourism, The Field Studies Council, etc
Idealog - November 2006
A blog of ideas, comments and notes
Travel To Understand: Belfast
Telling the stories of troubled times
World Quiz 2010
Geography with a tourism angle
The Monterey Bay Aquarium
An outstanding educational facility in California
Chicago: Tourism Re-Imaging
A closer view of an iconic city
Colonial Williamsburg
A Virginia history showcase
A Social Club Outing By Train, 1935
How to do Scotland in 30 hours flat
Going Dutch
Presenting the past in the Netherlands
Keukenhof: Business is Blooming
Using tourism to promote an industry
A View of Italy for the City
Trentham Gardens Revived
A Case Study in Heritage Management
A curious tale of misleading publicity
Old Rice Farm
The story of the house in the 'holler'
Perfection in Paradise: The Eden Project
New page being added: The Eden Project's design for success
Escaping From Slavery: Facing Our Past
The US National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Prague Tourist Shows
Outstanding showcase attractions in the city
Retracing the Steps: Tourism as Education
ATLAS Conference paper given in Finland, 2000
Tourism and Historic Towns: The Cultural Key
A background paper for a Council of Europe Conference
The Social Helix
Visitor Interpretation as a Tool for Social Development, 1989
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 1
Reports and Pictures
Malta Residential, 14-21 Feb 2006 - Page 2
Photos and reports of Friday 17 Feb onwards
Malta Residential, 14-21 February 2006 - Page 3
Reports and pictures from Sunday, 19 February onwards
Tourism Alumni Reunion, 8 March 2003
Leeds tourism students reunion 2003
World Geography Quiz 1
A test of your knowledge
The Adventure of the Timely Tourist
The answers
Tall Ships Race 2010 Converged on Hartlepool
A major event-based boost for tourism in the town
Plymouth: From the Tamar to the Sea
Starting point for explorations round the globe
Plimoth Plantation
A reconstruction of the Mayflower settlers' village of the 1620s on the north east coast of North America
World Geography Quiz 2010 - Answers
Geography with a tourism angle
World Geography Quiz - Answers
Christmas Quiz 2009 - Answers
A day in the city including the Botanic Garden
Tourist Showcases
Examples from around the world

From Strip Map to Sat Nav

Notes will follow shortly

SatNav - TomTom 740 GO

SatNav Gets... Everywhere

Male drivers are alleged not to like asking the way when they are lost. I sympathise to some extent with that view. It always seems much more fun working out directions for yourself. There are plenty of clues. Go downhill and you will (usually) be heading towards a stream or river, which if known might help decide the next route to follow. Tall buildings are often (not always) a sign of a city centre. The moss grows on the north side of trees – at least in the northern hemisphere.... no, that’s not much use, it’s more like Joke Number 37 in the geographer’s fun book. Knowing that at midday the sun is due south, at least for GMT, can actually be helpful. But having done a great deal of driving in strange places in my time I have also done a great deal of asking the way. When you have an appointment to keep and time is pressing it’s a matter of necessity. Many years ago I gave a lecture in Edgbaston, Birmingham. It was easy finding the place from home in Shropshire. In the dark after the event it was a different matter. I well remember going past Winson Green Prison and fifteen minutes later going past it again. On that occasion I spotted signs to the M6 and got on to it. My relief was short-lived as I realised I was heading south.....

Men might not like asking the way, but they love gadgets and gadgets in cars are a must-have accessory. When my wife and I first encountered satnav in the flesh as it were we were in a hire car in the USA. Besides the dashboard set there was a computer with a CD-Rom fixed in the trunk. The instructions came from a voice we named ‘Olga’ as if it was that of an unfriendly Russian policewoman. Go past the turning specified by Olga and there would be a pause followed by a hurt admonition - “recalculating row-t”. Now we have our own polite Englishman named Simon who lives in a tiny box stuck on the dash. Ignore his instructions? – no prob. Dear Sy carries on with a new commentary as if nothing untoward had happened. That boy could have been MC at the Royal Wedding and carried it off to perfection. Like a modern Jeeves (without being one bit snooty) he can tell us where the best price for diesel can be obtained, warn of road holdups – advising on a change of route if needs be – point out a few tourist attractions and useful shops and where the next speed camera is. He did blot his copy book once over an incorrect road layout near Maidstone, but on that occasion we did know he was getting it wrong and took no notice.

How on earth did people manage in the days of Simon’s ancestors? Nothing like as well is the answer, but since what John Ogilby, John Senex and others pulled out of the hat marked ‘latest clever innovation’ looked like a godsend, people probably were very happy indeed. Except if the little maps involved had an error in them......

First, the beautifully-drawn ribbon map appeared, then the more utilitarian strip map. Satnav systems have a great deal in common with both of them.



John Ogilby road map

John Ogilby's map of the routes from Newmarket to Wells-Next-The-Sea and Bury St Edmunds, 1675
[from Wikipedia Commons]


John Senex strip map

The First Strip Maps

Making a journey a few hundred years ago would have been a serious adventure. Not least of the problems might well have been the risk of getting lost on the route. Once beyond the familiar home ground the traveller had to rely on what mileposts and sign posts might have been erected or the helpful directions obtained from people along the way. Problems of accidents, bad weather or attacks by robbers always threatened. The earliest form of media aimed at helping travellers were printed – atlases and strip maps. The atlas was good for planning long overland treks or sea voyages but of little use for the greater number of people setting out for much shorter distances. A different kind of atlas map was needed for them.

In 1578 Christopher Saxton completed the first atlas of England and Wales, commissioned by Lord Burghley. It had taken only eight years of surveying, engraving and printing. Saxton’s maps were made county by county. They showed the coast where appropriate, the major rivers and towns. Hills were suggested by drawings which were little more than symbols. These maps were good for general purposes but were very basic for travellers. Almost a century later John Ogilby, a Scottish translator and publisher, produced his influential atlas using ‘ribbon' or 'strip' maps as shown further above. Ogilby used the standard mile of 1,760 yards instead of variations found within different regions. He also used the scale of 1 inch to 1 mile which became a standard for the later Ordnance Survey. A hundred maps covered the country.

The Ogilby maps were large, with each page 51cms wide and 47.5cms high. So the innovation of John Senex in producing what he called a “portable” atlas in 1719 was of great use to the traveller. His atlas measured 21.2cms by 15.6cms. He used a different scale at about 2-2.5 inches per mile. The page example shown above illustrates the ways in which care was taken to give clear details useful to the road user. Incidentally, the survey method used a wheel device which the surveyor pushed along in front of him and which gave the distance travelled on a simple counting dial. They could also be attached to carriages.

Click here for more information on John Senex

Dunlop map guide - London to Edinburgh




AA strip map c1955




Pratt's Road Atlas - 1914
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